Tears that weaken the fabric and make it look unsightly are always a risk whenever fabrics are involved. Many believe that sewing is the only way to repair these damages. But not everyone is handy with thread and needle. Here is how you can fix a tear without sewing:
a. Damaged shirt with a hole that is not larger than 5 millimeters
c. Ironing board
d. Fusible bonding web
e. Cutaway stabilizer
f. Pressing cloth or any non-textured plain cotton cloth
g. Spray bottle filled with clean water.
- Iron your shirt first.
a. Turn your damaged shirt inside out.
b. Place it on your ironing board with the hole facing towards you.
c. Iron the damaged section and around the hole until it is wrinkle-free.
d. Once it cools, bring the excess pieces of string together around the hole so you can cover it completely.
- Take a 1” square of fusible bonding web. Set it over your shirt’s damaged area. Then take a slightly larger piece of cutaway stabilizer and place it directly over the piece of fusible bonding web.
- Bandage the hole on your shirt.
a. Switch your iron to the wool setting.
b. Gently place a pressing or non-textured cotton cloth over the fusible bonding web and stabilizer. Then, lightly dampen the area using your spray bottle.
c. Take your heated iron and place it directly on top of the damaged section, bonding web, stabilizer, and cloth.
d. Leave the iron in place for ten seconds without moving or pressing it.
e. Carefully remove the iron so you would not disturb the webbing.
- Add some finishing touches.
a. Remove the cloth and turn your shirt inside out so that the right side is now facing you.
b. You need to repeat step one and gather the area using your fingers if you see that not all loose threads merged.
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How do you repair a hole in fabric?
You do not always need to be an expert in sewing to fix holes in your fabric. Follow this simple guide:
Prepare your needle and thread.
- Get a thread roll that matches or complements your garment’s color.
- Use a sharp, heavy needle so that you can pierce the cloth if it is thick and tough. But you may use more delicate needles if your fabric is thin or soft.
- Make sure that you have enough thread to repair the damaged section of your garment.
a. You can try laying your thread over the torn area if you are unsure.
b. Remember that the thicker your fabric is, the more thread you will need.
c. Take at least ten extra inches to ensure that you have enough.
- Thread your needle.
a. Ensure that your thread’s tip is tight and not split.
b. Wet the thread’s tip if you somehow frayed it. Then, roll it with your fingers so that it can quickly go through your needle’s eye.
- Hold both ends of your thread and tie a small knot to keep the far tip from slipping through the fabric.
Sew the split seam
- Identify the split seam on your garment. Take note that a split seam is a damaged section where stitching joined two pieces of fabric.
- Turn your garment inside out to expose the seam. You may also gently iron your garment, then pin the seams back together.
- Sew along the original seam line by hand with small stitches to add strength to your garment. You also need to overlap the intact part of the original seam. Then, knot the thread well. You also need to remember to clip any hanging threads carefully.
Reinforce the hole
- First, you need to measure the hole in your garment.
a. If it is too big, you need to get some cloth. If you have ripped pockets, you will also have to sew them.
- Use a reinforcing patch to fix the hole. Do this step, especially if the gap is somewhere in the middle.
a. Cut a small piece of fabric with the same color and weight as your garment. Then, lay your chosen patching fabric under the hole, right side up.
b. Bring the hole’s edges as close together as possible, without puckering it. Use a small zig-zag stitch to catch as much fabric as possible to make the patch hold.
c. You cannot expect it to look as pretty as the original appearance, but it is serviceable. If you want to make the hole patch look decorative, you can opt for a piece of fabric in a contrasting color or pattern.
- Strengthen the torn ends by stitching about an inch before it. Doing so will support the fabric and stop further ripping.
- Slip your needle through the cloth and carefully weave the thread in and out of it. Try to keep the distance between each stitch to about 2mm for consistency.
a. You can try to reinforce the hole using a liquid seam sealant before you stitch if the gap is especially frayed. You can also try adding an extra layer beneath the hole and stitch it for extra strength.
- Circle back next to the first stitch. Repeat the steps until there is nothing left to sew. Finally, stretch and press the cloth to finish the job.
How do you fix ripped jeans without sewing?
- Turn your damaged jeans inside out. Then, spread fabric glue around the hole’s edges. Doing so will stop it from growing.
- Cut out an appropriate patch or any leftover fabric that can cover the hole.
- Put fabric glue around the hole, then fit the patch over and press it down firmly.
- Reach into the leg and unstick the sides that may have glue on it.
- Press the hole and patch between your hands, then press and hold it.
- Turn the patch’s edges up and run a line of glue along the edges.
- Press it firmly for security. Then, let it dry for a few hours or overnight.
- Turn your jeans right side out to finish the job.
How to fix jeans that are too long?
Sometimes, it can be challenging to find jeans that fit you perfectly. It can either be too long or too big around your waist, although it fits your legs. Follow this simple guide to fix the jeans that are too long for you:
- Put your jeans on so you can decide where you want to place its new hem.
- Fold the bottoms of your jeans upward so that the existing hem aligns with the new hem’s area.
- Take your jeans off, and make sure to line up your jeans’ side seams. Use sewing pins to pin the hem in place.
- Thread your sewing machine with the appropriate thread.
- Sew a straight line directly below your pants’ original hem.
- There will be excess fabric after you sew the new hemline.
a. You can choose to leave it and tuck it up into the pant leg.
b. You can also remove it by cutting it off with scissors. You need to use either fabric adhesive or sew a zig-zag stitch along the cut edge to prevent the fabric from fraying.
- Finally, you need to unfold your jeans’ bottoms and iron the hem down to finish the job.
How to fix jeans that are too big?
Not all jeans will fit around your waist and hips perfectly. Sometimes, you may want to alter them yourself, especially if you are handy with thread and needle. Here is a quick guide to fix jeans that are too big and make them tighter:
Pull your jeans’ waistband first:
- Wear your jeans and pull the waistband’s back with one hand so you can adjust it to your desired size.
- Pinch the extra fabric of the waistband and secure it with a safety pin. Then, pinch the excess fabric just below the pin and use a straight pin to secure it. Continue doing this step until your jeans fit nicely on your waist and hips.
- Take your jeans off carefully and place them up on a flat surface. Then, pull the front waistband down to see the inside of the waistband’s back where the pins are.
Mark your jeans, then cut out the waistline stitching:
- Mark along the center of the pinned seam with chalk or highlighter. Make sure that you leave a line on both sides of the seam. Then, take out the pins after doing so.
- Use a seam ripper to take out both the top and bottom row of stitches along the waistband.
- Remove all the two rows of stitching between the chalk marks, plus half an inch on each side. Leave the stitches along the top edge of the waistband and the seat of your jeans.
Remove the belt loops, then take out the stitching:
- Take off any belt loops between your two lines by clipping away the thread attaching them to the waistband.
- Cut the stitches on the top edge of the waistband along the same length where you removed the two rows of stitches.
- Separate the waistband layers. Then, use a seam ripper to take out the row on the inside of your jeans to about one inch below your chalk lines.
- Remove the corresponding stitches on the outside to fully separate the seat of the jeans.
Fold, sew, and repeat:
- Fold the waistband across the center back line of your jeans. Then, fold with the right sides facing each other. The folded edge should be facing towards you.
- Sew where the new altered waistband meets from the top to the bottom of the waistband using a single straight stitch.
a. You can cut off extra fabric outside of your stitches to reduce the bulkiness. Remember to leave about a quarter of an inch of fabric outside.
b. Then, press the cut ends of the fabric.
- Take in the outer waistband, then fold it in the middle.
- Sew it, then trim and press the edges.
Sew the seats, the outside of your jeans, and the belt loop:
- Pin your jeans’ seats together by turning the right sides to face each other.
- Pin along the chalk lines. Then, sew the seat together using a single straight stitch next to the pins.
- Use topstitching thread to sew from the existing stitching lines up to the waistband in two rows. Doing so will give your altered jeans the same outward appearance again. You can also overlap a few stitches with the old stitch line to make it blend better.
- Sew both the top and bottom of the belt loop back onto the waistband in the center.